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      Study of Education Systems

What is an Education System ?


Differentiated funding of higher education in the FWB

Retention at 3d year of nursery school

Education system of FWB

Poor or no French knowledge and skill

Inequalities of access to university

School careers of the European graduates

School catchment areas

Dual education system

D+ : criteria

D+ : student fluxes

Growing up in 2000

Early language learning

Study and development of early language learning in FWB

Ministry of compulsory education (M. Arena) and General Department of Education Monitoring and Research in FWB.

Early language learning activities consist in having the students discover, explore and compare various linguistic sonorous and visual materials from languages of different status: school language, languages learnt at school, dialects, migrant languages, other European and worldwide languages. The point is mainly to arouse and increase the interest for linguistic and cultural variety, strengthen motivation for language learning and develop various metalinguistic skills favoring this learning. Furthermore, early language learning helps simultaneously to tackle other objectives of the curriculum.

Minister of Education J.M. Nollet funded a feasibility study: the applicability and interest of this approach were to be analyzed in the context of FWB and reduced scale implementation measures were to be submitted.

The feasibility study found out that early language learning seems to be a perfect opportunity to prepare, strengthen and extend language learning, at the level of motivation, linguistic skills (for instance, showing explicitly the differences in the word order or in the oral expression of a same graph) as well as at the level of the interest for the different languages, as a complement of the other courses delivered by teachers.

Following the feasibility study, it was decided to introduce early language learning at an experimental level in few schools, on the basis of an adaptation of early language learning tools designed in Switzerland (EOLE) to FWB characteristics. The available resources were concentrated on the innovation implementation: anything that could either hinder or facilitate the best application of the resources for a further larger scale implementation had to be found out. The project follow-up was based on Dunkin and Biddle’s teaching strategy model, adapted to the special features of early language learning introduction in the classrooms. The teachers involved in the project as well as the directors and the students concerned (from 3d year of primary school) were interviewed twice, at the early and late academic year, to get their description of their own characteristics and a perspective of their opinion and attitude evolution between the start and the end of the pilot project (Blondin and Mattar, 2004).Whereas the hypotheses stated at the end of the feasibility study were largely confirmed, the experimental implementation suggested other improvements.

Later on, Minister of Education Arena made these works finalised and enabled the adapted activities diffusion in every kindergarten and/or primary school.

More info

  • Final report :


  • Papers :

Blondin, C., & Mattar, C. (2004). Cinq équipes éducatives s’engagent dans l’éveil aux langues. Un projet pilote dans l’enseignement fondamental en Communauté française. Université de Liège : Service de Pédagogie expérimentale.


Blondin, C., & Mattar, C. (2008). Vers une implantation de l’éveil aux langues en Communauté française de Belgique. Les Cahiers des sciences de l’éducation, 25-26, pp. 5-27. Liège : Unité d’analyse des Systèmes et des Pratiques d’enseignement de l’Université.