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      Study of Education Systems

What is an Education System ?


What is an education system ?

An education system is made up of all the components and actors interacting in education and training.

Why is it important to examine education systems ?

Examining education systems enables to understand their functioning, their mechanisms and their effects, identify their strong and weak points. The fact that these different components are in interaction and in context explains why a simple transfer of a particular measure which seems effective in another country, region or context, is not necessarily successful.

Data about other education systems help sometimes to observe one’s own education system with fresh eyes. Furthermore, studying in detail the procedures used in other countries to solve a problem to which we would like to bring some solving elements can enlighten one’s reflection.


Lafontaine, D., & Simon, M. (2009). L’évaluation des systèmes éducatifs. Mesure et évaluation en éducation, 31,3, 95-125.


Monseur, C., Lafontaine, D., & Baye, A. (2010). Education systems structures and their consequences on effectiveness and equity. 2nd Biennial Meeting of the EARLI Special Interest Group 18: Educational Effectiveness: Models, Methods and Applications. 26 août 2010. Leuven